Institut für angewandte Managementfoschung

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09.03.2009: Review for “Professional Orientation of University Students and Comparing Them with Requirements of Vocational Positions in Labor Market in Bratislava – the Slovak Republic” (by Eva Letovancová and Elena Lisá)

The present paper discuss the comparison of competencies and preferences of university graduates on the one hand and the needs of the labor market on the other hand in the Slovak Republic respectively Bratislava in special. The research was done by scientists of the Institute of Applied Psychology at the Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences of the Comenius University, Bratislava.
In addition to the identification of the requirements of the labor market, the researchers interviewed sub-deans of different universities about their perception how university prepares their students for practice. During their study “Career Counseling Centre for University Students in the Bratislava Autonomous District” they collected data from 400 graduates via the methodology of Garuda, which measures the three key competencies “management competence”, “social competence” and “performance competence”. Within further investigations the authors analyzed and compared the individual competencies of 372 university graduates with the competencies required by a preferred position of the graduate.
Results of the research leads to some indications for the existence of a gap between the competencies required by the labor market and the competencies and preferences the graduates do have. Consequently, it is necessary to create a link between university and practice in order to improve the change from graduate to job holder. To fulfill the requirements of further job positions for university graduates an alignment of contents during the time at university would be desirable. Therefore, the researchers propose a cooperation between university and working life via a consulting centre.
The research uncovers some important factors concerning the correlation between quality of education at universities and requirements of future employers. At the same time it illustrates the need for a closer cooperation between the labor market and universities and especially the need of a Career Consulting Centre for a University. In this context the present study provides important indicators to make the idea of the Career Consulting Centre more closely and tangible.

Author of the review:
Direktor des Instituts für Angewandte Managementforschung
Prof. Dr. Bernd Glazinski
Beethovenstraße 24
50858 Köln
Germany
Info@Angewandte-Managementforschung.de
 

09.03.2009: Review for “Some Issues of Decision-Making Efficiency in Leadership. Found on the Sample of Slovak Managers” ( by Elena Lisá and Eva Letovancová)

The aim of this study was to explain efficiency in decision-making processes of managers in the Slovak Republic regarding relations to age, gender, years spent in their position and educational level.
The paper starts with a theoretical overview of different leadership approaches and styles and basic principles of efficiency in decision-making. After the theoretical introduction, the authors give an outline of the course, objectives, hypotheses to be tested and set up methods.
Within a secondary analysis of data which were gathered by students, they divided the sample of 105 managers into 6 respectively 7 managerial groups out of different industries and sectors and tested their efficiency of leadership competence with the LJI (Leadership Judgment Indicator by Lock et al. 2005), an instrument specifically created to measure the level of ‘wisdom’ that the respondent uses in decision-making.
The assumption that leadership efficiency will increase with age or years spent in a managerial position was not confirmed in the sample. Furthermore, there were no differences in performance according to education or gender. These findings are similar to those of other researchers. Additionally, results indicated that there are significant differences in leadership efficiency among the different managerial groups. The best level of leadership efficiency was achieved by the youngest managerial groups of “mass media” and “IT”. Therefore, the authors concluded that “High Potentials” can be identified in most of the cases within that groups.
One of the most noticeable and remarkable results within that study is, that within the present sample one can’t find anything specifically about the correlation between age or years spent in a managerial position and the leadership efficiency. One should investigate this issue with a wider age-range of managers and a sample were the youngest age group isn’t overrepresented, as it was in the present study, to determine whether these results can be solidified.
Beside some limitations concerning the data, which are mentioned by the authors themselves, namely that the results were achieved with use of secondary analysis, this study provides a lot of useful indications for further research.
Especially within the managerial groups of “IT” and “Mass Media” there should be done further research to find out more detailed information whether the effects were originated because the sectors of “IT” and “Mass Media” are currently thriving industries, which attract young people or people with a specific way to react in decision-making situations. The question has to be asked if these sectors attract a certain kind of personalities or people who tend to react in an outstanding way in sense of decision-making.

Author of the review:
Direktor des Instituts für Angewandte Managementforschung
Prof. Dr. Bernd Glazinski
Beethovenstraße 24
50858 Köln
Germany
Info@Angewandte-Managementforschung.de
 

01.01.2009: Neuerscheinung

Glazinski, Bernd / Kramer, Josef 2008: Kairos 2/2008. Berichte des Instituts für Angewandte Managementforschung, Köln: Verlag für Angewandte Managementforschung, 2008.

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